Medicine

The methods of producing medicines have changed a lot in the past couple of decades. If you are above the age of 50, you should be familiar with the term "compounder" and "mixture." During those days, only a limited number of medicines were available at the druggist's shop. There were instances when the doctor had to prescribe several medicines to combat a specific ailment. Instead of prescribing different medicines, the doctor used to prescribe a mixture. The compounder used to powder the different medicines and mix them along with syrup to create an all in one medicine. Nowadays, pharmaceutical companies mix the different ingredients to create a single and multipurpose tablet or capsule. As it is not humanly possible for them to powder and mix the vast quantities of ingredients that go into creating capsules and tablets, they depend on an industrial powder blender. This gadget is just like the grinder you use in your kitchen... only their size and grinding capacity is much more.

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What is medicine?

A medicine is a mixture of different types of chemical compounds, both synthetic and organic, which the doctor prescribes to his patient to cure their illness. Medicines are available in the form of tablets, capsules, caplets, injections, and syrups. Certain medicines are available in different potencies, defined in the amount in milligrams per pill. They are also available as normal, MD (mouth dissolving), and SR (slow release).

How is medicine made?

The pharmaceutical company purchases chemical compounds from reliable sources and pass it on to their scientists who first check a portion of a batch of these compounds to check their potency and quality before mixing several of them together in an industrial powder blender, along with distilled water to form a thick semi solid paste. A punching machine then punches this paste to create individual tablets, after which they pass through a machine that packs them inside aluminium sheets printed with the name of the medicine, its ingredients, its date of manufacture, and its date of expiry. In case of capsules, a machine fills gelatine capsules with the blended powder. In case of syrups, machines mix a specific proportion of powder with a syrupy substance (referred to as the base), before filling them in glass or plastic bottles, adhering labels on them, and sealing the bottle with a tamper proof lid.

What are common medicines?

Common medicines include Aspirin, Amoxicillin, Ducolax, Lisinopril, Metronidazole, Tramadol, and Zinnat to name a few. An individual can purchase over the counter medicines without any prescription. However, they require a prescription issued by a registered medical practitioner to purchase schedule H drugs and narcotic medicines.

When was medicine invented?

Though it is difficult to accurately trace the origins of medicine, the Egyptians used medicines to combat diseases in 3000 BC. During those days, patients were treated by guesswork. This means that if a certain medicine could not rectify an ailment, they used a different one.

How does medicine work?

Medicines work by strengthening the immunity power of an individual as well as killing the germs causing the disease.